Description

Taking historical instances of globalization as a point of departure, the integration of a local natural resource and its extraction schemes in the global economy is analyzed. The research project addresses the intertwining and coproduction of normative and technological strands in the politics of natural resource extraction. Special attention is paid to the ways in which such entanglements of lawmaking, especially the production of transnational legal templates, with sciences, technology, and other knowledge regimes interact in scalar arrangements with complex plural legal configurations on the ground. From this vantage point, the integration of the Moroccan argan forest into the world economy is analyzed within the context of variegated and competing schemes of resource exploitation. From the great diversity of established modes of resource utilization in argan forest management, chiefly three schemes of exploitation are seen as interactive patterns of extraction that link up with the transnational economy: agriculture, especially the various ways of integrating forest into global cash crop production; mobile herding; and argan oil production. In the latter case, such entanglements involve the commodification of a local staple as a niche product exploitable on a global scale.